The most comprehensive research on homework to date comes from a 2006 metaanalysis by Duke University psychology professor Harris Cooper, who found evidence of a positive correlation between You might think homework is a great thing, but recent research suggests that maybe it's time to reevaluate our use of it. Thus, simply assigning homework may not produce the desired effectin fact, illstructured homework might even have a negative effect on student achievement.
Teachers must carefully plan and assign homework in a way that maximizes the potential for student success (see ResearchBased Homework Guidelines). Stanford research shows pitfalls of homework A Stanford researcher found that students in highachieving communities who spend too much time on homework experience more stress, physical health problems, a lack of balance and even alienation from society.
" Our findings on the effects of homework challenge the traditional assumption that homework is inherently good, " said Denise Pope, Ph. D.a senior lecturer at the Stanford University School of Education, and a coauthor of a study. The Effects of Homework on Student Achievement Jennifer M. Hayward The College at Brockport History of Homework Research. 9 Synthesis of Research The question of how homework effects student achievement is an important one Little research exists on the effects of these different kinds of homework on student achievement, leaving policymakers with little evidence on which to base decisions (Cooper 1989; Foyle 1985; Murphy and Decker 1989).
Research comparing the effects of the various types of homework on academic achievement is far less exhaustive. Of the studies that do exist, researchers have focused on the two most frequently reported purposes